Suppose you're in the bedroom.
Don't Drill Machines: Buildings collapse after earthquakes and sometimes in indoor triangular spaces. These centers are relatively safe websites that people can call shock absorbers. They include the bottom of the bed, the center of integrated furniture, walls, corners, and other small rooms. People used to think that hiding under the bed was the safest place to hide, but it was not the best place to hide.
Avoid overhead hangers: Choose the place where there is no hanger above, close to the place where there is no power plug in the center, in order to prevent the overhead hanger from falling and injuring, and the power line from fire causing secondary disasters.
Wardrobes are not allowed in: during the Tangshan earthquake, some people hid their wardrobes. A few days later, rescue teams found that everyone was intact, but eventually suffocated to death.
Open the door: Hide far away from the closing point of the door. It's better to open the door. You can lean back against the door frame, put your hands on your head, and be ready to move. When the earthquake is over, you are ready to run away.
Suppose you're in the living room.
As a transitional area of the living room: modern life is rich, and after the appearance of the spacious and bright new living room, its function is also changing, making the daily meeting and leisure area. The living room is the center where there is no accumulation. In the earthquake, the living room should be regarded as a safe transfer area.
Escape equipment should be placed in the obvious place of the living room: Chinese traditional custom is to lock the escape equipment in the deep of the cabinet, once used, it can not play a role. Escape gear should be placed in a prominent place in the living room so that people in each room can pick it up and run.
Suppose you're in the bathroom
This is the safest place to live: if you happen to be in the toilet when the earthquake strikes, congratulations, your chances of survival are much higher. When an earthquake occurs, the smaller the size of the room, the safer it is, and the larger the size of the vibration, the easier it will collapse. The walls of bathroom are mostly load-bearing walls, and the roof falls less, which is relatively safe.
Water is very important: water conservation is a major advantage of toilets. During the Tangshan earthquake, some people depended on water for a long time.
Don't get together: Everyone knows the safest toilet, but don't hide the whole family together in the toilet when the earthquake happens. Decentralized hiding can increase the chances of survival. Because, when an earthquake occurs, it is the safest and uncertain, but relatively safe. Decentralized hiding means that there will always be people outside in case of an earthquake, which can be rescued immediately.
Suppose you're in a tall building.
High-rise buildings are far away from windows: the walls of high-rise buildings facing the street are unstable in the earthquake, and the windows of high-rise buildings are farther away. Today's buildings are generally framed structures, bricks play the role of rain and wind, but there is no load. In earthquakes, frames are always there and walls are missing. If people hide under windows, they can easily be thrown in.
Never take an elevator: Never take an elevator when an earthquake occurs. Once the power is off, if you can't stand up or come down, you can't go out. When an earthquake occurs in an elevator, press all the buttons on the operation panel. Once it stops, quickly separate the elevator and confirm the safety of refuge.
Where you go depends on: Do you have to run after the earthquake? The answer is not necessarily the same. Especially for residents living in high-rise buildings, the standard operation should be the latest, close to the air running, close to the roof running to the roof, in short, "see the sky and the ground" can contact the outside world, relatively safe.
Be sure to use escape or fire protection channels. High-rise buildings themselves are cupping. Nowadays, when designing high-rise buildings, some of them specially designed passageways for dredging fire, so they must be trenchless.
Escape rope application group: Some families have escape equipment, such as fast-falling ropes, which must be used in a quiet period of seismic waves. Tips you are, the use of fast rope must be in the process of exercise, in the process of falling fast rope need the external force of foot support, otherwise it is no different from jumping, just a number of ropes.
Suppose you're in a low building.
Brick-concrete structure is easier to collapse: under the same conditions, the main load-bearing data of brick-concrete structure is brittle data of brick masonry, which has poor seismic performance and slightly better frame structure. After the earthquake, people living in old brick buildings should take the initiative to seek opportunities and evacuate quickly.
It must be based on the number of people who have escaped: rescue at the site of the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake found that some of the victims were in the left side of the corridor, staircase or door of the building. This indicates that people were fleeing when the earthquake occurred, but were buried by collapsed houses before reaching safety. When an earthquake occurs, the crew must leave time for the people behind the people in front according to the number of people who have escaped.
Low floors can not jump: live in a, 2 floors, do not choose to jump to escape, jumping will not only form fractures, but also be hit by heavy objects falling from high places.